Trail running serves as one of the best ways to escape the rush of city life and forget about our everyday responsibilities. Most trails are quite desolate and this unfortunately increases the risk of getting injured without immediate help available. Knowing the basic skills of CPR might just help you in future when an emergency presents itself.
1. Always first assess the scene and make sure that it is safe for you to approach the victim.
2. Check the victim’s responsiveness by calling his name/tapping him on his shoulder. If he is not breathing normally or is unresponsive, call for help immediately.
3. If he/she is unresponsive, start with CPR immediately. The universal abbreviation used for CPR is CAB:
C– Chest COMPRESSIONS. Place your hands in the centre of the victim’s chest, lock your elbows and push down hard and fast. Give 30 compressions, at a tempo faster than 1 compression per minute.
A – Open the AIRWAY by tilting the head slightly backwards. Do not overextend the neck.
B – Pinch the nose and cover the victim’s mouth with yours and give an effective BREATH. Make sure the chest rises. Administer one breath every 5-6 seconds, each breath lasting 1 second.
4. Continue this cycle until help arrives or until the victim wakes up.
As soon as the medical team arrives, they will take over the procedure and use a defibrillator if necessary. Remember be safe on the trails!
Article by Lené van Heerden (Physiotherapist)
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Image: ©2012 Nicky Swanevelder