As with any other treatment modality, Kinesiotape is just another tool in the toolbox and should be used only after a proper evaluation to determine the structure at fault.
Kinesiotape (KT)has the following effects:
- It enhances the sensory feedback to the muscle to improve body awareness.
- Pressure is relieved on underlying structures to increase blood flow and lymph drainage.
- Normal sports taping are used to stabilise a joint and restrict motion, whereas KT is used as preventative and supportive measure.
- Tape lasts 3-5 days without re-application.
Taping technique is the key to successful application of this tape:
- This elastic tape can either be used to protect the body or to facilitate normal movement.
- To enhance muscle action, tape is applied from muscle origin to insertion. To inhibit a muscle,e.g. overtraining, the tape is applied from muscle insertion to origin. Anatomy knowledge is required for application.
- Method to cut the tape in different shapes:
- “I-shape” is used for acute injuries to offer maximal support.
- “Y-shape” is used to wrap the muscle bulk.
- “X-shape” is used when a muscle’s origin and insertion changes with regards to joint position.
- “Fork-shape” is used to increase lymphatic drainage and improve circulation.
- Do not stretch the tape too much as it will lose the desired effect. Less is more.
Although this tape is very beneficial for athletes, always remember that if muscles need to be held together with tape you shouldn’t train.
Images and illustration provided by BSN Medical